- Lead batteries comprise over 80 percent recycled lead, which highly reduces the environmental impact associated with lead batteries and reduces the need for primary mining.
- Lead batteries are an integral part of start-stop and micro-hybrid engine systems, which lower fuel consumption up to 10%. Over the lifetime of the vehicle, using these systems and batteries results in significant CO2 reduction (up to 10%)
“Environmental Impact and Life Cycle Assessment of Lead Battery and Architectural Sheet Production,” The International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment, 2016
- Lead batteries reign as the most recycled consumer product in the U.S. today.
- The EPA found that the rate of lead battery recovery was about 99 percent (2.81 million tons), the highest recycling rate over other products such as newspapers (68%), aluminum cans (55%), tires (40.5%), glass (32.5%), PET bottles and more.
- Lead batteries, used in vehicles and as energy storage for emergency power and renewable energy, have been confirmed as the most recycled product in the U.S., according to figures produced by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).
Advancing Sustainable Materials Management: 2014 Fact Sheet, Environmental Protection Agency, Nov. 2016
- Battery recyclers in North America keep 1.7 million tons of lead batteries out of landfills annually.
Associationofbatteryrecyclers.com, Association of Battery Recyclers, 2016
- More than 99 percent of lead batteries are recycled.
- Modern, closed-loop recycling keeps more than 122 million lead batteries from landfills each year.
National Recycling Rate Study, Battery Council International, 2017
- The Sustainability Consortium (TSC) 2017 Impact Report concluded that lead batteries were one of only five consumer product categories that score 64 and over, based on high scores in sustainability key performance indicators. / The 2017 Sustainable Consortium Impact Report recognized the industry for its strong record on worker health and safety.
2017 Impact Report, The Sustainability Consortium, 2017
- When applied to recycling automotive LIBs, they are needlessly energy intensive and complicated.
- Estimates show fewer than three percent of lithium ion batteries used in transportation and energy storage are recycled
“Opportunities to Improve Recycling of Automotive Lithium Ion Batteries,” The 22nd CIRP Conference on Life Cycle Engineering, 2015
- Solar and wind energy technology is increasingly being deployed around the world, in large part because of lower production costs. Renewable energy sources are expected to attract two-thirds of the global investment in power plants until 2040 and account for as much as 40 percent of total power generation by then, according to the International Energy Agency.
Instituteforenergyresearch.org/analysis/ieas-world-energy-outlook-2017-foresees-transformation-global-energy-system, Institute for Energy Research, Dec. 2017
- By 2020, it is predicted that advanced start-stop lead batteries will eliminate two million tons of vehicle greenhouse gas emissions (equivalent to the annual energy use of 211,000 average U.S. households).
International Lead Association, 2017
- As Argonne National Laboratory states, lead batteries have undergone steady improvements in efficiency, durability and lifetime.
A Review of Battery Life-Cycle Analysis: State of Knowledge and Critical Needs, Argonne National Laboratory, By L. Gaines and J.L. Sullivan
- New lead battery advancements have extended the life of traditional lead batteries by 300 percent. This enables low-cost, large-scale deployment of micro- and medium-hybrids, with significant fuel economy and reduced emissions.
Lead Acid Battery Performance and Cycle Life Increased Through Addition of Discrete Carbon Nanotubes to Both Electrodes, Journal of Power Sources, April 2015
- Lead battery manufacturing and recycling companies consistently demonstrate year over year reductions in employee lead exposures, such that less than 1% now exceed the latest industry voluntary blood lead target of 30mcg/dL.
- For many years, no employee in the lead battery industry has had a blood lead level exceeding the current OSHA removal limit, and at the end of 2016, average blood lead levels were more than 75 percent below what OSHA requires.
- Lead battery manufacturing and recycling companies consistently demonstrate year over year reductions in employee lead exposures. At the end of 2016, approximately 12% of employees had a blood lead exceeding the new American Conference on Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH) Biological Exposure Index (BEI) of 20mcg/dL.
Battery Council International, 2017
- Lead batteries are the only storage technology that can reliably operate in conditions as cold as -22°F.
A Review of Battery Technologies for Automotive Applications, Joint Analysis: EUROBAT, ILA, JAMA, KAMA, ACEA, 2014
- Air emissions from lead battery production and recycling are each less than one percent of total U.S. lead emissions.
Epa.gov/air-emissions-inventories/national-emissions-inventory-nei, Environmental Protection Agency, 2014
- The New York Stock Exchange relies on lead battery backup power to protect its critical online data.
Berks a Major Player in Worldwide Battery Production, Reading Eagle, July 2017
- The global automotive industry produces more than 85 million new vehicles annually. On average, each vehicle will use three to four lead batteries over its lifespan.
Success of the Circular Economy of Automotive Battery Recycling, Johnson Controls, 2017
- The average age of all cars on the road is more than 11 years, up from about eight years in 1995.
http://www.consumerreports.org/car-repair-maintenance/make-your-car-last-200-000-miles//, Consumer Reports, May 9, 2017.
- 35 million times each weekday, lead batteries help transport Americans via public transportation
Apta.com/mediacenter/ptbenefits/pages/factsheet.aspx, American Public Transportation Association, 2017
- Over 263 million vehicles in the U.S. in 2015.
Statista.com/statistics/183505/number-of-vehicles-in-the-united-states-since-1990/, Statistica, 2017
- Lead batteries power more than 270 million cars and trucks in the U.S. delivering people to jobs, education and healthcare.
Vehicles-in-Operation, IHS Markit, July 2017
- 75 percent of the world’s rechargeable energy storage needs are met by lead batteries, which equates to millions at work every day.
The Rechargeable Battery Market and Main Trends 2014-2025, Avicenne Energy, March 2015
- More than one billion vehicles rely on lead batteries for power, and every mass-produced hybrid and full-electric vehicle uses one.
World Vehicle Population Tops 1 Billion Units, WardsAuto, Aug. 2011
“Lead Acid Battery Market Poised to Hit US $31,708.4 Million by 2020,” Future Market Insights, Dec. 2017
- Over 65 percent of all forklifts in the U.S. use lead batteries to move the materials that fuel our economy.
Top 20 Industrial Lift Truck Suppliers, Modern Materials Handling, 2017
- Nearly 25 percent of the population of all developing countries has no electricity.
Global Tracking Framework 2017 – Progress Toward Sustainable Energy, World Bank, 2017